Health Tip Details


Health management


Dr. Zeba Sultan 23 Jun 2018 2299 Views

Ever since I have started practicing diet therapy I get a lot of patients having hypothyroidism. Weight-gain is pretty common amongst hypothyroid patients. The reason is also quite simple. People with hypothyroidism have decreased BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) which leads to weight gain in most scenarios.

So, how do you maintain your weight if you have hypothyroidism?

Here I have compiled a list of food items that you need to avoid to avoid putting on weight!

Foods to Avoid:

  • Gluten (Can include whole grains. Avoid gluten from refined flours and therefore avoid pasta, bread, white rice, bakery items etc)
  • Refined sugar
  • Refined carbohydrates and processed foods (anything in a package)
  • Soy in all forms.

Soy: Studies suggest that phytoestrogens in soybeans and soy-rich foods may inhibit the activity of an enzyme that makes the thyroid hormones. One study found that women who consumed soy supplements were three times more likely to develop hypothyroidism.

  • Fatty beef
  • Poultry skin
  • And LIMIT the following vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower, kale, brussel sprouts, bok choy
  • Iron and calcium supplements: Taking iron or calcium supplements can also change the effectiveness of many thyroid medications.
  • High-fiber foods: Although a high-fiber diet is usually recommended, too much fiber may interfere with the absorption of thyroid medicines.

Things to Add to your diet:

  • Iodized salt and Iodine-rich foods: Some forms of hypothyroidism are caused by a lack of sufficient iodine. In such cases, using iodized salt or iodine-enriched foods can be beneficial. But eating too much iodine can have the opposite effect and suppress thyroid gland activity. Check with your doctor or medical health practitioner before taking supplements.
  • Foods high in zinc such as pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, chick peas, crab, lamb, dark chocolate and cocoa, oysters and garlic.
  • Foods high in selenium: selenium-rich foods include seafood, shellfish, eggs, beef liver, and beef kidneys. Wheat germ, sesame seeds, Brazil nuts, mushrooms, garlic, and onions are other good sources of selenium
  • Tyrosine: This amino acid is used by the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Taking a supplement may help, but ask your doctor beforehand.
  • Antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables: Blueberries, tomatoes, bell peppers, and other foods rich in antioxidants can improve overall health and benefit the thyroid gland. Eating foods high in B vitamins, like whole grains, may also help.

If you need expert guidance for losing your weight as well as managing hypothyroidism, please visit:


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